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Sunday, 24 March 2013

Code of Conduct for Students

Bhagawan laid down very strict code of conduct for the students. Student hood is the phase of one’s life when one is expected to gain mastery over not only knowledge and wisdom but also over one’s own mind and body, enabling oneself to be well prepared to travel along the rough terrain of one’s life journey. Whereas secular knowledge helps in making a living, spiritual knowledge and wisdom shapes one’s life. Strict discipline for students has been an age old practice right from the time of the Gurukulas. When the boys and girls are young, studying in their schools and colleges; that is the time they are expected to gain in-depth understanding and insights about the body-mind-Atma complex and in the process; shape their attitudes, form their convictions, and develop the right world view and a holistic picture about life. As the physical body is trained to be fit and strong, the mind too has to be trained to be well tuned and in alignment with the dictates of the conscience communicated through the intellect. Thus, Bhagawan always stressed on the balance between secular and spiritual, between ability and nobility, between the head and the heart. For such a balanced pursuit, discipline of the body and the mind is crucial.

In this posting, we will listen to Bhagawan talking to us about the strict code of conduct to be followed by students. His expectations are lofty and His standards are very stringent. But, unless students exercise such restrain during their student days, one cannot expect them to turn out to be ideal, responsible citizens in society in the future. Bhagawan spares no effort in communicating every detail to mankind. He goes into the details of how students should talk, walk, sleep and study. The five audio clips in this posting have been taken from the Discourse delivered by Bhagawan on the 23rd of May, 1990, as part of the Summer Course in Indian Culture and Spirituality, held in the Brindavan Campus of the Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning.

In Clip-1 Bhagawan explains how important control of senses is for the students. Clip-2 is about the discipline to be exercised in walking and talking. In Clip-3 Bhagawan explains the proper manner of conversing with and talking to others. Clip-4 focuses on the discipline to be exercised in sitting, sleeping and studying. Finally, in Clip-5 Bhagawan explains the inner significance of the need to sit and walk in an erect posture.      

Each audio clip has a name that adopts the following code: Serial number, Title appropriate to the key content, Duration of the clip, Year-Month-Date of the Clip. Below the title is the translation in English of the select excerpt of the Discourse, followed by the audio player. The post ends with a short quiz that would help you evaluate your assimilation of Bhagawan's Message from these extracts.  

Note: Those receiving this blog by email may see words bunched together due to a technical glitch. That is beyond my control. Please click on link at the top of the email to read the blog directly. Sorry about this. If anyone has a solution to this please help me out.
01-Control of Senses is the most important Ideal for Students-2.05-1990 May 23

Control of Senses is important
Image Source
Embodiments of Love, control of senses is the most important ideal for students. Happiness associated with the sense objects is not permanent. This gives you little joy and infinite sorrow. More than the sense organs, the sensory perceptions are very powerful. These are the Shabda (sound), Sparsha (touch), Roopa (vision), Rasa (taste) and Gandha (smell).

Because the youth today are not able to control their senses, their walking, standing, sitting, are all following the path that is contradictory (to the right path). Not even one student is seen, who is able to sit in the class (steadily) without moving or changing his position. How should one walk, how should one sit, how should one sleep, how should one talk, how should one conduct himself when among elders; all these matters are just not known to them.

02-Discipline in Walking and Talking-3.36-1990 May 23

Walk with an erect posture
When we look at today’s students walking in the bazaar (market), there seems to be no adequate place for them even on a 40 feet road. Prahalada described this as the Sannipata (disease) of the youth (According to the Ayurvedic science of medicine, Sannipata refers to the imbalance in the body/mind, on account of the aggravation of the three doshas (defects), viz. vata, pitta and kapha). One should walk by fixing one’s gaze on one’s footsteps. That is the right type of walk. Walking happens in one place, the sight goes somewhere else and on account of this, danger sets in and accidents occur. Thus they become targets of unnecessary trouble. By this type of practice we can make our senses equanimous to some extent.    

It is a very bad habit to stand in the bazaar (market) and keep talking. If there is any necessity, then after going to the Hostel and to your room, you may try to find out about that matter. Therefore, youth should not keep chatting while going in the bazaar. You must control your sight. We are human beings and not crows. Crows keep looking this side and that side and do not remain steady even for a second. Only when we follow such discipline, we will be able to achieve true humanity.

We must not enter into unnecessary matters. This is the weakness in mankind today. Even a person sitting in some corner who cannot see properly or hear properly; when he comes across two people meeting over there, keeps asking, “what are they talking, what are they talking”? Whatever they may be talking, what is it to you? Why should you enter into this?

Some people go around to every other person and keep talking. This is a very bad habit. They keep enquiring into the matters of others, “What did that person say? What did this person say?” Why should he be concerned about all this? Because of this bad habit, the sense organs become the target for more harm. We should not get into the matters of anybody else. Mind your own business and confine yourself to your needs. Talking to everybody you come across will make you lose your respect. Nobody will respect you. If anybody sees you coming on the way, they will exclaim, “O here comes the argumentative person”, and they will move aside. Whenever there is a necessity, just confine your speech to “Good morning, Good morning, How are you, How are you”, that is all, nothing more.

03-Proper manner of conversing and talking-1.20-1990 May 23

Right manner of conversing
When you are talking to your friend, your sight should be focused towards the friend only and you should not talk looking this way and that way. The sight should not be dispersed in ten different directions. This can be very dangerous for youth. We must try to keep our vision proper and correct. When you talk to somebody, you keep on moving all the limbs of your body. Some people, when they talk or when they give lectures, it is like a big dance; they move the hands and the legs, and it all takes such an ugly form. We must talk without moving any of our limbs. When we keep on making such effort, gradually, on account of habit, the sense organs will start functioning on the right path.  

04-Discipline in Sitting-Sleeping and Studying-3.25-1990 May 23

Right posture for sitting and studying
When they sit, they sit like an old man of 60 or 70 years. This is not good. If the spinal column bends then old age sets in very fast. When you walk, you must walk like a straight stick. Even when you sit, you must sit like a straight stick (back must be straight like a stick). You should not bend. Only when we practice like this physically, the sense organs will come under our control gradually.

Some people appear all the more awkward when they go to sleep. They become like the bundle that the washer man carries along with him by tying all the clothes together. They bend inwards and shrink when they go to sleep. On account of this they also become susceptible to many ailments.

They lie down and keep the book on the pillow. They bend their legs like a bow and arrow and study. For such people (studying in this posture), how much ever they may study the texts, nothing will enter into their head. The body must be kept properly. If it (head) is raised at this end and (legs) at that end, it appears like tying an arrow. Because of such distorted practices, students lack memory power. If you wish to have good memory power, you must sit properly and study. If you are tired by chance, then close your book and go to sleep, very happy. There is nothing wrong in that. Why do you force yourself unnecessarily like this? You should not study when you are tired. With the objective that you have to study…you must study, you keep some tea next to you, and drink and sleep as you study. There is no use of studying in this manner. Apart from losing memory power, in the future, many dangerous diseases may also affect you. Your hands and legs will start shivering. Rheumatic pains will commence. Therefore, when in the student phase, man must nurture his body in the right manner.    

05-Always sit erect while studying-Significance of Sushumna Naadi-3.21-1990 May 23

Significance of the Sushumna Naadi
Image Source
For students, this is very essential. At the time of studying, we must sit in the proper posture and study; because, this body has a special and unique feature. For animals and beasts, the spinal column is bent. But the spinal column in human beings is straight. The path from the Moolaadhaara to the Sahasraara is a straight path. The right type of thoughts will flow when seated in the right posture. If the spinal column is bent, the thoughts will not flow in the right manner. In every human being there are 101 nerves. Among them, one nerve stands apart. This nerve is associated with the Sahasraara. This will be helpful to the people who strictly follow the spiritual path with all discipline. Thus, this nerve is very important. It is called the Sushumna Naadi. In the principle of the Ida, Pingla and the Sushumna, when they (Ida and Pingla) meet the Sushumna at the intersection of the eyebrows, they give a unique power of concentration.

There are 33 rings (vertebrae) in the spinal column. Between the 9th and the 12th ring (vertebrae), the Sushumna Naadi shines brilliantly. That is why it is described in the Vedas in so many ways:

Neelaatoyaada Madhyaasthad Vidyullekhavaa Bhaswaraa
Neevaaraasooka Vattanvee Peeta Bhaswatyanoopama

(Brilliant like a streak of lightning set in the midst of the blue rain-bearing clouds, slender like the awn of a paddy grain, yellow (like gold) in colour, in subtlety comparable to the minute atom, (this Tongue of Fire) grows splendid).

Just as, when there is a lightning in the midst of dark clouds, there is immense brightness; in the same way, in our spinal column, the Kundalini shines like the Vidyullekha (a streak of lightning). This is the very basis of our life. Those who practice the Kundalini Yoga will understand this well. Whether you practice any Yoga or not; you must maintain your body in the proper way.   

A Short Quiz

01-What are the five sensory perceptions?

02-What is the habit of the crow that Bhagawan asks us not to follow?

03-What is the outcome of being a very talkative person?

04-What is the discipline that we must exercise while talking or conversing with others?

05-What is the correct posture for sitting or walking? Why?

06-What are the typical wrong postures adopted by students while studying? Why should we avoid these postures?

07-What is the uniqueness of the Sushumna Naadi? Where is it located?

08-What is the reference to the Sushumna Naadi made in the Vedas? Which mantra is this? 

Swami Sings Poems

This section of the blog is a compilation of the Telugu poems sung by Bhagawan Baba, mostly at the beginning of His Discourses and at times during the Discourse. The poems contain few lines with profound wisdom. They are like the Subhashitanis in Sanskrit – finite lines with infinite wisdom.

The audio clip of the poem has a name that adopts the following code: Title relating to the central theme of the poem, Duration of the clip, Year-Month-Date of the Clip. Below the title is the English transliteration of the poem followed by the translation in English. Below the English translation is the audio player.  

Determination-1.22-2000 May 24

Hold on...Never give up
Pattina Pattedo Pattane Pattitiri
Pattunetidudaaka Attaneundu
Korinadediyo Koranekoritivi
Korikechellududaaka Povakundu
Adiginadediyo Adagane Adigitivi
Adiginavidudaaka Viduvakundu
Talachinadediyo Talachane Talachitivi
Talaputeerududaaka Povakundu
Poru Padaleka Taanaina Brovavalayu
Vadaluteriyeka Neevaina Adagavaleyu
Antiye Kaani, Tirigipovuta Bhaktulu Deeksha Kaadu

Anyhow you have caught on to something; having caught on to it, keep holding on without leaving it.
Anyhow you have desired for something; having desired thus, until the desire is fulfilled, do not leave.
Anyhow you have asked for something; having asked for it, until it is given, do not give up.
Anyhow you have thought of something; having thought about it, until it is realized, do not go away.
Not able to bear any more, He should come to your rescue.
Or you will have to keep asking until you lose your consciousness.
That is all. A devotee turning back (without achieving his wish) does not amount to determination at all
24 May 2000

Plight of Modern Students-1.48-1996 June 27

Plight of modern students!
Adhika Baashinchu Sooratvam Adhikamayye (2)
Kaarya Soorata Soonyamai Karagipoye
Brathukulu Aadambarmulaaye
Neti Vidyaarthi Brathuku Eepatidaaye

The enthusiasm to talk excessively is on the rise,
The enthusiasm for action is diminishing and melting away,
All Lives are deluded as they are full of pomp and show,
This is the plight of the lives of modern students!
 27 July 1996

God will make you mad after Him and cry for Him-1996 July 14

God will make you mad after Him!
Picchulupogattu Picchipattinchunu
Satchitaanandudu Sai Baba
Kanneeru Teppinchu Kanneeru Tappinchu
Chinmayamurti O Chinni Baba

The one who removes madness and also makes you mad,
Is the embodiment of Sat Chit Ananada - Sai Baba.
The one who brings tears and also wipes away your tears,
Is the personification of Awareness – the young Baba.

(Sai Baba will remove the madness of the world and will make you mad after Him. Sai Baba will wipe away the tears related to the world and will make you shed tears for Him)
14 July 1996

Forgetting God is equivalent to forgetting oneself-1.09-1996 July 14

Forgetting God is forgetting One's Self
Intilone Jyoti Veluguchunundaga (2)
Porugu Intikaggi Karuganela
Taane Daivambaiyyu (2)
Daivamunu Marachina
Tananu Taanu Marachinatle Kadaa
Tananu… , Tananu Taanu Marachinatle Kadaa

When there is lamp at home,
Why do you need to go to the neighbour’s house to fetch fire?
You yourself being Divine,
If you forget God,
Is it not like forgetting your own Self?
14 July 1996

When we come we carry no wealth and when we go we can carry nothing-3.26-1980 January 25

We take nothing when we leave this world!
Talli Garbhamunundi Janminchunappudu
Talli Garbhamunundi Dhanamutedevvadu
Vellipoyedunaadu Ventaraadu
Lakshaadikaaraina Lavana-mannamekaani,
Merugu Bangaarambu Mringabodu (2)
Vittamaarjana Chesi Virraveegutekaani
Koodapettinasommu Todaraadu
Ponduga Merugaina Bhoomilopala Petti
Daana Dharmamulekaa Daachi Daachi
Tudaku Dongalakitturo Doralakauno (2)
Tene Juntiyaeeyava Teruvarulaku
Intakannanu Vereddi Erugaparatu (2)
Sabhyulaara Sabhyulaara Sabhyulaara

When one is born from the mother’s womb,
No one brings with him any wealth whatsoever.
When you leave the world it (wealth) will not come behind you.
Even a millionaire has to eat only salt and rice,
He cannot swallow glittering gold.
One may accumulate wealth and become arrogant,
But the accumulated wealth will not come behind you.
One may hide all the wealth inside the earth and cover it,
Without using the wealth for any charity or righteous act;
Eventually, no one knows whether this wealth will be taken away by robbers or who else will get this.
Honey bees accumulate honey only to be taken away by passers-by.
What other truth can I tell you O assembly of virtuous people?

25 January 1980

Satva alone can lead us to devotion-1996 July 03

Satva alone can lead to Devotion
Taamasambu Vidakaa Tatvambu Yettugalgu
Raajasambu Vidakaa Raadu Bhakti
Saatvikambe Bhaktisaadhanambuganaiah
Vinudu Bhaaratheeya Veerasutuda
Vinudu Vinudu Bhaaratheeya Veerasutuda

Without giving up the Tamasik quality (dullness, sloth)
How can you comprehend the (Divine) principle?
Without giving up the Rajasik quality (passion, hyperactivity)
Devotion can never come to you
It is only the Satvik nature (pious, noble)
That is the sadhana (spiritual exercise) that can lead you to devotion
Listen to this, the courageous son of Bhaarath
Listen, Listen, Listen to this, the courageous son of Bhaarath

03 July 1996

One can possibly do anything in this world-But can one control his senses-Telugu Poem-2.35-1999 November 22

Can one be always full of equanimity?
Sakala Vidyalu Nerchi (2)
Sabha Jayinchagavachhu
Shoorudai Ranamandu Poravachhu
Rajarajai Putti Rajyamelagavachhu
Hema Godaanamul Eyavachhu
Gaganamandunna Chukkalulekhagonavachhu
Jeevarasulaperlu Cheppavachhu
Ashtaangavidyalanu Abhyasinchagavachhu
Chandramandalamaina Cheravachhu
Kaani, Kaani Dehendrayimularikatti
Manasunilpi Antarmukhamu Chesi Anavaratamu
Nischala Samanachittulai Niluvagalara? (2)

Having acquired all education
It may be possible to win in the assembly of scholars
It may be possible to fight courageously in the battlefield
Having been born as a king, it may be possible to rule the kingdom
One may offer in charity gold and cows
One may even count the number of stars in the sky
One may mention the name of various species present in the world
One may learn all the eight forms of knowledge
One may even travel and reach the moon
But, but, controlling all the senses of the body
Silencing the mind and turning it inwards
Can one ever stay steady perpetually, in the state of equanimity?

22 November 1999